One of the definitive books about card games of the 17 th century is “The Compleat Gamemaster” by Joseph Cotton in 1674. However, this book doesn’t make reference to Solitaire. One of the earliest descriptions of Solitaire in a book of card games actually comes from Russia. It’s found in a book published in 1826 in Moscow called “Sobranie kartochnykh raskludok, izvestnykh pod nazvaniemn Grand-pasiansov” which translates into “A Collection of the Card Layouts Usually Known as Grand-Patience.” Some historians have argued the evidence found in this book means Solitaire may not have been created in France at all, but possibly in Eastern Europe, perhaps in Serbia.
The best known game book on Solitaire from an earlier era would have to be “The Illustrated Book of Patience” which was written by Lady Adelaide Cadogen around 1870. It’s a book that looks at many different variations of the game. A second edition of the book of rules came out in 1874 and many other collections and publications arrived in the following years.
One of the successful books that came out in this period that went over the rules of the game was “Amusements for Invalids” by Annie B. Henshaw. This one was written in the same year as Lady Cadogen’s book and others were written by authors like Basil Dolton, H.E. Jones, and Angelo Lewis.